Nepal 2012 Census Report : All Info About Nepal
The most interesting thing to note is that more people have access to mobile than toilet in their households. About 61.83% people have access to toilets in their households whereas about 64.63% people have access to mobile phones (which we can also call it as mobile teledensity of Nepal). But the internet reach in households is pretty low as 3.33%. Here are the major highlights of the national census 2012 report.
1. Household information
1.1 Population and Households: Population of Nepal as of the census day (June 22, 2011) stands at 26,494,504 showing population growth rate of 1.35 per annum. Similarly, Total number of households in the country is 5,427,302 with 5,423,297 individual households and 4,005 institutional households (Barracks, Hostels, Monasteries etc).
1.2 Ownership of housing units: Altogether, 85.26 percent of the households reside in their own house whereas 12.81 percent in rented, 0.63 percent in institutional and 1.30 percent in other arrangements. In urban areas, 40.22 percent live in rented house. Kathmandu district has the highest percentage (58.65) of households living in rented house.
1.3 Type of foundation of house: Nearly ten percent (9.94 %) of total households live in houses with the foundation having RCC pillar, 17.57 percent households in house with foundation made up of cement-bonded bricks, 24.9 percent in wooden pillar, 44.21 percent in mud-bonded bricks and 2.33 in other type of foundations. In urban areas, 28.42 percent of the households live in houses with the foundation having RCC pillars.
1.4 Type of outer wall: Highest number of households (41.38 percent) live in houses which has outer wall made of mud bonded bricks or stone followed by outer wall made of cement bonded bricks or stone(28.74 percent), bamboo wall (20.23 percent) and wood/planks (5.31 percent).
1.5 Roof of the house: Twenty Eight percent of the total households live in houses roofed with galvanized sheet followed by tile/slate (26.68 percent), RCC (22.48 percent) and thatched/straw roof (19.03 percent).
1.6 Source of drinking water: Tap/Piped water is the main source of drinking water for 47.78 percent of the total households. Tube well/hand pump is the main source of drinking water for about 35 percent of the total households, while spout, uncovered well/kuwa and covered well/kuwa are the main source for 5.74 percent, 4.71 percent and 2.45 percent respectively.
1.7 Usual fuel for cooking: About two-third of the total households (about 64 percent) use Firewood as usual source of fuel for cooking followed by LPG (21.03 percent), cow dung (10.38 percent). Bio-gas and Kerosene is used for cooking by 2.43 and 1.03 percent of the
total households respectively. Very few households (0.08 percent) use Electricity as usual fuel for cooking. In urban areas, more than two third (67.68 percent) of the total households use LPG as their usual fuel for cooking.
1.8 Source of lighting: More than two third (67.26 percent) of the total household’s main source of lighting is electricity. Kerosene is used by 18.28 percent of the total households for lighting while solar and bio-gas is source of light for 7.44 and 0.28 percent of the total households respectively.
1.9 Toilet in the house: More than one third (38.17 percent) of the total households do not have toilet in their houses.
1.10 Household facilities:
|The percentage of households having various kinds of household facilities is tabulated as follows. Household facility||Percentage of Households|