Useful HTML Code and Tag with Examples

HTML Tag

HTML works in a very simple, very logical, format. It reads like you do, top to bottom, left to right. HTML is written with TEXT. What you use to set certain sections apart as bigger text, smaller text, bold text, underlined text, is a series of tags.

Think of tags as commands. For example if you want a line of text to be bold. You will put a tag at the exact point you want the bold lettering to start <bold>and another tag where you want the bold lettering to stop.</bold> There you have an example of how tags make commands and tell the browser how to display the text. Just like telling a dog to sit. You give the command.

All tags that are opened must correspondingly be closed, just as if you are writing a quoted statement with those “inverted commas”. A tag is closed this way </tag> therefore we open a new tag <bold> and close the tag </bold>

Basic HTML Document Code Structure

Begin writing your HTML tags by creating your document’s basic layout. Copy and paste this code into your text or HTML editor.

<html>
<head>
<title>Your Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>

This area will contain everything that will be visible through a web browser, such as text and graphics. All of the information will be HTML coded.

For a complete list of HTML codes, tags and examples, see the HTML chart below.

<html> – Begins your HTML document.

<head> – Contains information about the page such as the TITLE, META tags for proper Search Engine indexing, STYLE tags, which determine the page layout, and JavaScript coding for special effects.

<title> – The TITLE of your page. This will be visible in the title bar of the viewers’ browser.

</title> – Closes the HTML <title> tag.

</head> – Closes the HTML <head> tag.

<body> – This is where you will begin writing your document and placing your HTML codes.

</body> – Closes the HTML <body> tag.

</html> – Closes the <html> tag.

HTML Tags Chart

To use any of the following HTML tags, simply select the HTML code you’d like and copy and paste it into your web page.

Tag

Name

Code Example

Browser View

<!– comment <!–This can be viewed in the HTML part of a document–> Nothing will show
<a – anchor <a href=“http://www.domain.com/”>
Visit Our Site</a>
<b> bold <b>Example</b> Example
<big> big (text) <big>Example</big> Example (Tip)
<body> body of HTML document <body>The content of your HTML page</body> Contents of your web page
<br> line break The contents of your page<br>The contents of your page The contents of your web page
The contents of your web page
<center> center <center>This will center your contents</center>

This will center your contents

<dd> definition description <dl>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
</dl>
Definition Term
Definition of the term
Definition Term
Definition of the term
<dl> definition list <dl>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
</dl>
Definition Term
Definition of the term
Definition Term
Definition of the term
<dt> definition term <dl>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
</dl>
Definition Term
Definition of the term
Definition Term
Definition of the term
<em> emphasis This is an <em>Example</em> of using the emphasis tag This is an Example of using the emphasis tag
<embed> embed object <embed src=”yourfile.mid” width=”100%” height=”60″ align=”center”> (Tip)
<embed> embed object <embed src=”yourfile.mid” autostart=”true” hidden=”false” loop=”false”>
<noembed><bgsound src=”yourfile.mid” loop=”1″></noembed>
Music will begin playing when your page is loaded and will only play one time. A control panel will be displayed to enable your visitors to stop the music.
<font> font <font face=”Times New Roman”>Example</font> Example
<font> font <font face=”Times New Roman” size=”4″>Example</font> Example (Tip)
<font> font <font face=”Times New Roman” size=”+3″ color=”#ff0000″>Example</font> Example
<form> form <form action=”mailto:[email protected]”>
Name: <input name=”Name” value=”” size=”10″><br>
Email: <input name=”Email” value=”” size=”10″><br>
<center><input type=”submit”></center>
</form>
Name:
(Tip)
Email:
<h1>
<h2>
<h3>
<h4>
<h5>
<h6>
heading 1
heading 2
heading 3
heading 4
heading 5
heading 6
<h1>Heading 1 Example</h1>
<h2>Heading 2 Example</h2>
<h3>Heading 3 Example</h3>
<h4>Heading 4 Example</h4>
<h5>Heading 5 Example</h5>
<h6>Heading 6 Example</h6>

<head> heading of HTML document <head>Contains elements describing the document</head> Nothing will show
<hr> horizontal rule <hr /> Contents of your web page


Contents of your web page

<hr> horizontal rule <hr width=”50%” size=”3″ /> Contents of your web page


Contents of your web page

<hr> horizontal rule <hr width=”50%” size=”3″ noshade /> Contents of your web page


Contents of your web page

<hr>
(Internet
Explorer)
horizontal rule <hr width=”75%” color=”#ff0000″ size=”4″ /> Contents of your web page


Contents of your web page

<hr>
(Internet
Explorer)
horizontal rule <hr width=”25%” color=”#6699ff” size=”6″ /> Contents of your web page


Contents of your web page

<html> hypertext markup language <html>
<head>
<meta>
<title>Title of your web page</title>
</head>
<body>HTML web page contents
</body>
</html>
Contents of your web page
<i> italic <i>Example</i> Example
<img> image <img src=”Earth.gif” width=”41″ height=”41″ border=”0″ alt=”text describing the image” /> a sentence about your site (Tip)
<input> input field Example 1:<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<input type=”text” size=”10″ maxlength=”30″>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>
Example 1:
<input>
(Internet Explorer)
input field Example 2:<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<input type=”text” style=”color: #ffffff; font-family: Verdana; font-weight: bold; font-size: 12px; background-color: #72a4d2;” size=”10″ maxlength=”30″>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>
Example 2: (Tip)
<input> input field Example 3:<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<table border=”0″ cellspacing=”0″ cellpadding=”2″><tr><td bgcolor=”#8463ff”><input type=”text” size=”10″ maxlength=”30″></td><td bgcolor=”#8463ff” valign=”Middle”> <input type=”image” name=”submit” src=”yourimage.gif”></td></tr> </table>
</form>
Example 3:

<input> input field Example 4:<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
Enter Your Comments:<br>
<textarea wrap=”virtual” name=”Comments” rows=3 cols=20 maxlength=100></textarea><br>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
<input type=”Reset” value=”Clear”>
</form>
Example 4: (Tip)
<input> input field Example 5:<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<center>
Select an option:
<select>
<option >option 1</option>
<option selected>option 2</option>
<option>option 3</option>
<option>option 4</option>
<option>option 5</option>
<option>option 6</option>
</select><br>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”></center>
</form>

Example 5:

Select an option:

 

 

 

<input> input field Example 6:<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
Select an option:<br>
<input type=”radio” name=”option”> Option 1
<input type=”radio” name=”option” checked> Option 2
<input type=”radio” name=”option”> Option 3
<br>
<br>
Select an option:<br>
<input type=”checkbox” name=”selection”> Selection 1
<input type=”checkbox” name=”selection” checked> Selection 2
<input type=”checkbox” name=”selection”> Selection 3
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>
Example 6: (Tip)Select an option:
Option 1 Option 2 Option 3Select an option:
Selection 1 Selection 2 Selection 3
<li> list item Example 1:<menu>
<li type=”disc”>List item 1</li>
<li type=”circle”>List item 2</li>
<li type=”square”>List item 3</li>
</MENU>Example 2:<ol type=”i”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Example 1:

  • List item 1
  • List item 2
  • List item 3

Example 2:

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
<link> link <head>
<link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”style.css” />
</head>
<marquee>
(Internet
Explorer)
scrolling text <marquee bgcolor=”#cccccc” loop=”-1″ scrollamount=”2″ width=”100%”>Example Marquee</marquee> Example Marquee (Tip)
<menu> menu <menu>
<li type=”disc”>List item 1</li>
<li type=”circle”>List item 2</li>
<li type=”square”>List item 3</li>
</menu>
  • List item 1
  • List item 2
  • List item 3
<meta> meta <meta name=”Description” content=”Description of your site”>
<meta name=”keywords” content=”keywords describing your site”>
Nothing will show
<meta> meta <meta HTTP-EQUIV=”Refresh” CONTENT=”4;URL=http://www.yourdomain.com/”> Nothing will show (Tip)
<meta> meta <meta http-equiv=”Pragma” content=”no-cache”> Nothing will show
<meta> meta <meta name=”rating” content=”General”> Nothing will show (Tip)
<meta> meta <meta name=”robots” content=”all”> Nothing will show
<meta> meta <meta name=”robots” content=”noindex,follow”> Nothing will show (Tip)
<ol> ordered list Numbered<ol>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>Numbered Special Start<ol start=”5″>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>

Lowercase Letters<ol type=”a”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>

Capital Letters

<ol type=”A”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>

Capital Letters Special Start

<ol type=”A” start=”3″>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>

Lowercase Roman Numerals

<ol type=”i”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>

Capital Roman Numerals

<ol type=”I”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>

Capital Roman Numerals Special Start

<ol type=”I” start=”7″>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>

Numbered

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4

Numbered Special Start

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4

Lowercase Letters

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4

Capital Letters

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4

Capital Letters Special Start

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4

Lowercase Roman Numerals

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4

Capital Roman Numerals

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4

Capital Roman Numerals Special Start

  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
<option> listbox option <form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<center>
Select an option:
<select>
<option>option 1</option>
<option selected>option 2</option>
<option>option 3</option>
<option>option 4</option>
<option>option 5</option>
<option>option 6</option>
</select><br>
</center>
</form>
Select an option:
<p> paragraph This is an example displaying the use of the paragraph tag. <p> This will create a line break and a space between lines.Attributes:Example 1:<br>
<br>
<p align=”left”>
This is an example<br>
displaying the use<br>
of the paragraph tag.<br>
<br>
Example 2:<br>
<br>
<p align=”right”>
This is an example<br>
displaying the use<br>
of the paragraph tag.<br>
<br>
Example 3:<br>
<br>
<p align=”center”>
This is an example<br>
displaying the use<br>
of the paragraph tag.

This is an example displaying the use of the paragraph tag.

This will create a line break and a space between lines.

Attributes:

Example 1:

This is an example
displaying the use
of the paragraph tag.

Example 2:

This is an example
displaying the use
of the paragraph tag.

Example 3:

This is an example
displaying the use
of the paragraph tag.

<small> small (text) <small>Example</small> Example (Tip)
<strike> deleted text <strike>Example</strike> Example
<strong> strong emphasis <strong>Example</strong> Example
<table> table Example 1:<table border=“4” cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>
</tr>
</table>Example 2: (Internet Explorer)<table border=“2” bordercolor=”#336699″ cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>
</tr>
</table>

Example 3:

<table cellpadding=“2” cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td bgcolor=”#cccccc”>Column 1</td>
<td bgcolor=”#cccccc”>Column 2</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 2</td>
<td>Row 2</td>
</tr>
</table>

Example 1:

Column 1 Column 2

Example 2: (Tip)

Column 1 Column 2

Example 3:

Column 1 Column 2
Row 2 Row 2
<td> table data <table border=”2″ cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>

</tr>
</table>
Column 1 Column 2

 

<th> table header <div align=”center”>
<table>
<tr>
<th>Column 1</th>
<th>Column 2</th>
<th>Column 3</th>

</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 2</td>
<td>Row 2</td>
<td>Row 2</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 3</td>
<td>Row 3</td>
<td>Row 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 4</td>
<td>Row 4</td>
<td>Row 4</td>
</tr>
</table>
</div>
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3
Row 2 Row 2 Row 2
Row 3 Row 3 Row 3
Row 4 Row 4 Row 4
<title> document title <title>Title of your HTML page</title> Title of your web page will be viewable in the title bar. (Tip)
<tr> table row <table border=”2″ cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>
</tr>
</table>
Column 1 Column 2

 

<tt> teletype <tt>Example</tt> Example
<u> underline <u>Example</u> Example
<ul> unordered list Example 1:<br>
<br>
<ul>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
</ul>
<br>
Example 2:<br>
<ul type=”disc”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<ul type=”circle”>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ul>
</ul>
Example 1:

  • List item 1
  • List item 2

Example 2:

  • List item 1
  • List item 2
    • List item 3
    • List item 4
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